There is often confusion over the two words ‘accept’ and ‘except’. Although they sound similar the meanings are very different.
Accept is a verb that has quite a few meanings:
To believe something is true.
I accept your point and I have to agree with you there.
I accept that you may have been tired but it’s no excuse to fall asleep in front of our clients.
To receive something
I accept your invitation.
They do not accept dogs in that restaurant.
Linking words in English are words that are used to combine or link sentences, two statements presenting contrast, comparison, condition, supposition, purpose, etc. Here are some examples of some linking words.
You can take my car as long as/provided (that)/providing
you don't damage it.
(I will lend you my car on condition that you don't damage it.)
Here is an overview of the use of the quantifiers a lot of, much and many.
A lot of’ can be used in all sentences; affirmative, negative and interrogative.
We made a lot of mistakes during our first test.
I don't have a lot of friends who live next to me.
Did you do a lot of shopping in London?
There is often confusion over the words ‘passed’ and ‘past’.
The word 'passed' is the past simple of the verb pass or the past participle of the verb:
She passed the exam with distinction. Pass = to be successful in a test
The secretary passed the message to me. Pass = hand over (give)
We'd passed the shop 5 times before we saw it. Pass = to move past
For giving advice or expressing a conclusion 'should' and 'ought to' are interchangeable. They are used to express the same ideas.
You should/ought to stop smoking.
He has been working on the project all week. He should/ought to be ready by this evening.
Should is also used in hypothetical situations:
Should anyone call, take a message.
Call me should you need any help.
Here is a brief explanation of how 'whatever', 'whenever', 'wherever', 'whichever' and 'whoever' are used:
Whatever = anything or everything; regardless of what, (many things can happen but):
Whatever you do, don’t forget to buy the drinks for dinner tonight.
Ignore David, whatever he says. He's just a joker.
Whenever = every time; at any time; when is not important:
Whenever I plan a barbeque it rains.
Peter interrupts me whenever I speak.
So and neither are used to show agreement or disagreement with a statement made by another person or concerning another person.
So is used to agree with a statement which is affirmative.
John: 'I like pizza.'
Peter: 'So do I.'
Here are some examples. Notice that if an auxiliary verb is used in the statement it matches in the agreeing reply.
It is common for learners of English to confuse 'there', 'their' and 'they're' especially since they all have the same sound when being pronounced. Here is an explanation of each one:
'There' has the opposite meaning of 'here'. It is used to mean 'not a place close to' the speaker.
Have you seen mu glasses?
Yes, over 'there', on the table.
I'm driving to work. I'll call you when I get 'there'.
Already is used to talk about something that has happened earlier than expected or earlier than it might/should have happened.
Don't forget you need to send an e-mail to Chris.
Thanks for reminding me but I’ve already sent it.
Still is used to refer to a situation that is continuing.
For, during and while are used in time expressions.
For is a time expression followed by a length of time – for an hour.
I have been waiting for an hour.
Sarah is going to Spain for ten days.
Henry lived in France for five years.