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Comparative Adjectives

Average: 3.5 (53 votes)

When we want to compare two things we use comparative adjectives. For example:

'Canada is colder than America.'
'Tokyo is more expensive than Barcelona.'
'Barcelona is less expensive than Tokyo.'

How to make comparative adjectives

Do you know how to make comparative adjectives? Here you will find the rules that you need to know:

The key to making comparative adjectives is counting the syllables in the word. Every word is made up of units of speech, usually containing vowel sounds.

Use -er for one-syllable words

For one-syllable words we add -er to the adjective to make it a comparative. The following are all one syllable adjectives:

Small becomes smaller
Cheap becomes cheaper
Quick becomes quicker

Use more / less for two+ syllable words

Adjectives with two or more syllables take more / less:

Beautiful becomes more beautiful
Sensitive becomes more sensitive
Dangerous becomes more dangerous

Note - If the adjective ends in a consonant-vowel-consonant combination (CVC), double the final consonant before adding –er:

Big becomes bigger
Hot becomes hotter
Wet becomes wetter

Use -ier for adjectives ending with y

For most adjectives that end with a y we change the y to i and add er:

Dirty becomes dirtier
Smelly becomes smellier
Ugly becomes uglier

Some adjectives take both forms

Some two-syllable adjectives can take either -er or more:

Simple becomes simpler or more simple
Narrow becomes narrower or more narrow
Quiet becomes quieter or more quiet

Irregular forms

Some adjectives don't follow any of the above rules. Here are some of the most common irregular forms:

good becomes better
bad becomes worse
far becomes farther

Link: -ed and -ing adjectives to describe feelings and things

  • 'Warm' has how many syllables?

  • 'Thin' has how many syllables?

  • 'Barcelona' has how many syllables?

  • 'Manila'has how many syllables?

  • 'Intelligent' has how many syllables?

  • 'Long' becomes:

  • 'Heavy' becomes:

  • 'Complicated' becomes:

  • 'High' becomes:

  • 'Far' becomes:


more irregular adjectives, please &

How do we chose between the two forms of some adjectives (quite-quiter-more quite); are there any regulations?
Thank you.

There's no difference in

There's no difference in meaning or use. It's just a matter of personal preference. Use the one you find easier!


"far" becomes "neither" ? m-m-m-m...
far- farther!

No mistake

pls look up in a dictionary to know meaning of "Neither" word


As farer and more far are not correct answers; so neither should be selected as answer.

please explain why far

please explain why far becomes neither


Far is irregular form. it does not follow the rules of comparative adjectives. The comparative adjectivefor far is farther. So the correct answer is neither.

Muhammad Umar Khan


far become farther

Check it

Long becomes Longer
Heavy becomes Heavier
Complicated becomes ?
High becomes higher


'Far' can't become any of this word, so it means 'neither' - no one is correct Smile :) Smile


i have some more exercise for it, just check it out.

* honest - more honest
* difficult- more difficult
* modern - more modern
* nice -nicer
* safe -safer



'Long' becomes longer
'Heavy' becomes heavier
'Complicated' becomes complicateder
check this pls.


all good, except the last one: 'complicated' becomes 'more complicated'

Very useful lesson!

Very useful exersice, I've made everything - correct. Thank you for the lesson. Smile


thanks for this lesson Big Grin