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Gerund vs Infinitive Practice

Average: 3.7 (59 votes)

A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."

Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb.

It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive (the to form) of the verb and which are followed by the gerund (the ing form) of the verb.

Try to remember that:

Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. "I enjoy cooking."

Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future: "He wants to swim."

Sometimes the use of a gerund or an infinitive can change the meaning of a sentence. Can you explain the difference between these two sentences? Leave your answer in the comments area.

"I remembered to take my umbrella."
"I remembered taking my umbrella."

Here is a quick exercise so you can test your knowledge. In each sentence, choose either the gerund or infinitive. Then why don't you make your own sentences using the verbs below. I hope you find this useful - good luck!

Lesson by Caroline

  • 1. I often go (dance) ___ on a Saturday night.



  • 2. When I finish (write) ___ this letter, I'll come and help you.



  • 3. I am planning (buy) ___ a new laptop soon.



  • 4. I need (sleep) ___ at least eight hours a night.



  • 5. I want (move) ___ to London next year.



  • 6. Would you consider (give) ___ the speech at our anniversary party?



  • 7. She avoids (walk) ___ in the rain.



  • 8. Emily promised (eat) ___ all her vegetables.



  • 9. I don't mind (call) ___ them if you don't want to.



  • 10. You need to practise (listen) ___.



  • 11. Did anyone volunteer (work) ___ on Saturday?



  • 12. He refuses (talk) ___ to me.



  • 13. I enjoy (watch) ___ romantic movies.



  • 14. We can't afford (rent) ___ this flat anymore.



  • 15. I managed (get) ___ there on time.







Comments

Gerunds vs Infinitives

I remembered to take my umbrella - meaning = I did not forget to take the umbrella .

I remembered taking my umbrella - meaning = Right now umbrella is with me.

Please correct me if I made mistake . This is a very important lesson for me . I got 13 out of 15 now but
I do mistake all the time. Thank you for the lesson .

to take / taking

In the second sentence, I did the action (I took my umbrella) first and THEN remembered doing it. I remembered something i did in the past.

Hope you see what I mean!

I got it .thank you very

I got it .thank you very much.

reply

I am student I want perform my career

It's above my head!!!!!!!

FIVE mistakes.....Sad
Thank you for the Lesson!Smile

Difficult is good!

I'm actually very happy that we have a lesson you find challenging! Seems you usually do very well. We don't want to make it too easy for you, Yura!I hope we can produce more challenging exercises in the future!

I have scored only 9/15...

I have scored only 9/15... needs some more help to understand this lesson more..always I am confused in this.

Chris

Don't worry too much, in my experience most English learners find this difficult. The problem is that the rule is not so clear, you just have to remember case by case (word by word). The more you practice the more natural you will become.

Chris

Thanks

I made 13 out of 15 and i want to learn how to speak good english.

hi

Just 1 mistake .question number six . I couldn't get it .
Thanx for the lesson .

:(

that is so difficult grammar Sad
i can not get it

Thanks a lot. I liked it.

Thanks a lot. I liked it.

supb..nice one

supb..nice one

VERY INTERESTING...

IT WAS MY FIRST LESSON ON ECENGLISH.COM. IT'S REALLY VERY INTERESTING WAY OF LEARNING ENGLISH.

Great Lesson :)

Full Correct! Thanks Smile

Gerund and Infinitives

These 2 difference between
I remembered to take my umbrella."
"I remembered taking my umbrella."

First one is infinitive verb
second line meaning is wrong

Gerund and Infinitives

These 2 difference between
I remembered to take my umbrella."
"I remembered taking my umbrella."

First one is infinitive verb
second line meaning is wrong

Gendur and infinitives

Nice Lesson

ossom great thatks.but still

ossom great thatks.but still 3 mistake .

gerund vs infinitive

I remembered to take my umbrella = I did take my umbrella.
I remembered taking my umbrella = I remembered how/the moment that/the fact that I took my umbrella.

Is this correct?