A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."
Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb.
It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive (the to form) of the verb and which are followed by the gerund (the ing form) of the verb.
Try to remember that:
Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. "I enjoy cooking."
Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future: "He wants to swim."
Sometimes the use of a gerund or an infinitive can change the meaning of a sentence. Can you explain the difference between these two sentences? Leave your answer in the comments area.
"I remembered to take my umbrella."
"I remembered taking my umbrella."
Here is a quick exercise so you can test your knowledge. In each sentence, choose either the gerund or infinitive. Then why don't you make your own sentences using the verbs below. I hope you find this useful - good luck!
Lesson by Caroline