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How to use ‘if’ in conditional sentences

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If i won the lottery, I would...

In English we have four ways to make conditional (if) sentences. Here is how to make them...

0 Conditional – is used for scientific facts or general truths. ‘If’ can be substituted for ‘when’.

 ‘If you boil water to 100°C, it boils.’

‘When you boil water to 100°C, it boils.’

1st Conditional – is used with ‘will/can + base verb’ for a probable future result.

 ‘If you study hard, your English will improve.’

'If I get enough sleep, I will feel better.’

2nd Conditional – uses the ‘simple past’ with ‘modal + base verb’ for imagined, impossible or unreal future situations.

 ‘If I won the lottery, I would buy a plane.’

'If you met Johnny Depp, what would you ask him?’

3rd Conditional – uses the ‘past perfect’ with ‘modal + have + past participle’. It is usually used to express a past regret about something which did not happen in the past.

 ‘If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a plane.’

‘If I had been taller, I could have played in the NBA.’

Comments

comentar

where are questions about conditional sentence friend?????

comentar

i am sometimes confuse about conditional sentence,,. i wanna ask, where is the exercise it??? thanks

excercises please.... We need practice!

1. If I had enough money, I ......(buy) myself a Ferrari.
2. If it wasn't for you, I .... (be) lying on the bottom of the river now.
3. If I manage to get an A to this test, I .... (get) a scholarship next year.
4.

What do you think the correct answers are?

I hope I'm not offending anyone by contributing to this lesson. Thanks.

exercise pl.

I think the answers below may be more or less correct.I need correction
if anyone is wrong
1.If I had enough money, i would have bought myself a Ferrari.
2.If it wasn't for you,I had been lying on the bottom of the river.
3.If I manage to get an A to this test,I will get a scholarship next year.

practice is the mother of learning....

give it one more try... but pay more attention to the lesson... and keep on practicing. You'll do it!

THOURAYMAAOUI' practice is

THOURAYMAAOUI' practice is the mother of learning' is it a proverb?so lovely.

exercise pl

I think that your second answer is wrong,it's must be like this:if it wasn't for you,I would lie on the bottom of the river

1. If I had enough money,I

1. If I had enough money,I would exactly buy a Ferrari as the first choice.
2. If it weren't you, I would be lying on the bottom of the river now.
3. If I manage well to get an A for this exam, I will definitely get a scholarship next year.

we need exercises

Very nice explanation(thanks), but we need exercises. In practice it is rather difficult.

exercise

i am in need of exercise.

If condition

If I had known Ec LearnEnglish before I would have done better now.
Thanks for the lesson.

3rd conditional

If i had had enough money, i definitely would have traveled to usa
very important lesson Big Grin
thanks

learner

hi sir,this page is very useful for me,even i learn from comments too...thank you sir/madam