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Reported Speech and Reporting Verbs

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Reported speech

Direct speech and reported speech are the two ways we can say what someone has said.

Directed speech: "I am your neighbour," said James.

Reported speech: James said that he was my neighbour.

Because we are talking about something that happened in the past, we use past tense verbs in reported speech: said not say; was not am.

Reporting verbs

In the sentence "James said that he was my neighbour", said is a reporting verb (was is a reported verb). There are other reporting verbs we can use depending on the statement. We can also use the verbs like told, offered and promised. Let's take a look at some examples.

Told

"My brother is buying a car" said Anne (direct speech) becomes Anne told me (that) her brother was buying a car.

Use told + person + what was said. Don't use told with to: Anne told to me (that) her brother was buying a car is not correct.

Offered

Use offered + to + infinitive verb.

"I'll do the shopping for you", said Simon becomes Simon offered to do the shopping for us .

Promised

Use promise + to + infinitive verb

"I'll buy you lunch", said Mark becomes Mark promised to buy me lunch.

OR Promise + clause (change the tense of the verb):

Mark promised (that) he would buy me lunch.

Take a look at these other reporting verbs and choose the best one for each sentence. For extra practice, rewrite the sentences using reported speech.

Link: How to use reported speech

  • 1 - "I'll email you every day":




  • 2 - "You need an F-1 visa to study in America":




  • 3 - "Why don't we go for a walk?":




  • 4 - "The music is too loud. I can't sleep":




  • 5 - "Could you tell me where the bathroom is?":




  • 6 - "You can't come with me":




  • 7 - "Is this your car?":




  • 8 - "I'll be very careful":




  • 9 - "Let me help you with those bags":




  • 10 - "Water boils at 100 degrees":








Comments

Reported speech

Thank you for one more useful grammar lesson!!! My sentences:

1) She promised to email me every day.
2) The consultant explained to me that I needed an F-1 visa to study in America.
3) My mother asked why didn't we go for a walk.
4) Mary's roommate complained that music was too loud and she couldn't sleep.
5) Woman asked if I could tell her where the bathroom was.
6) Jenny told me that I couldn't come with her.
7) He asked if that was my car.
8) Laura promised to be very careful.
9) Mr. Johnson offered to help me with those bags.
10) Teacher told us that water boiled at 100 degrees.
or Teacher told us that water boils at 100 degrees. (law of nature!!!)

Am I right at the last one second case?

Nice sentences! Sentence

Nice sentences!

Sentence three matches the question when 'suggested' is used, "My mother suggested that we went for walk."

Yes, you are right with your second example in 10. I would use the present tense because you are describing something that is always true; it's a scientific fact.

Re:Reported speech

Thank you for your explanation. You're right about sentence three. Firstly I took a quiz and then wrote sentences, that why I used wrong word. Smile

Sentence 3 - ? Answer, please...

What about sentence 3 - ??? Worried
Which is it correct?

My mother suggested going for a walk.
My mother suggested that we went for a walk.
My mother suggested us to go for a walk.

or the last sentence is not right?Answer, please...

Thank you for the Lesson. Smile

My mother suggested that we went for walk

Hi,

The correct form is "My mother suggested that we went for walk". It fits with the theme of today's lesson; however, "My mother suggested going for a walk", would also be ok (We didn't look at using -ing today). There's a lot more we can do with reported speech. We can go deeper into this topic if people are interested to learn more about it. What do you think?

Chris

Thanks a lot for useful lesson!

These are my sentence:
1. When my husband was going to the business trip, he promised me that he should email me every day.
2. She explained me that I needed an F-1 visa to study in America.
3. He suggested why didn't we go for a walk.
4. My child complained me that the music was too loud and he couldn't sleep.
5. In the restaurant I asked my companion could her tell me where the bathroom was.
6. I told you that you couldn't come with me.
7. I ask my friend whether this is her car.
8. He promised to be very careful.
9. He offered to help me with those bags.
10. Our teacher told us water boils at 100 degrees.

Reported speech

Thank You for the good lesson.

1) he promised to email me every day
2) he explained to me I need an F-1 visa to stady in America
3) he suggested us to go for a walk
4) he complained the music was too loud and he could not sleep
5) he asked if I could tell him where the bathroom was
6) he told me I could not go with him
7) he asked if this was my car
8) he promised to be very careful
9) he offered to help me with this bags
10) he told water boils at 100 degrees

hi everybody:) how can I

hi everybody:)
how can I differnate between suggested and told ...for example the second sentence I've got a terrible mistake in it ...please help...Sad

Hi Clrissa

I think the simplest way is to remember that "Why don't..?" and "How about..?" are used when we make suggestions and recommendations.

Chris

good and useful lesson

good and useful lesson thanks I'll add it to my favourite lessons Smile

Reported Speech & Reporting Verbs

I'm having issues with my minutes of meeting but I know this would help.

Question 2; I got it wrong. (is this sentence right) or I got the question 2 wrong.

My sentences;

a. I promised to email you everyday.
b. she said that I would need an F-1 visa to study in America
c. Why don't we go for a walk; she suggested.
d. She complained that the music is too loud. She can't sleep.
e. she asked if i can tell her where the bathroom is.
f. You can't come with me, she told me.
g. She asked, is this your car.
h. He promised to be very careful
i. He offered to help with those bags
j. He told us that water boil at 100 degrees

Please if I may ask; what would you advise someone that use to miss out 2or 3 words in a sentence. Could it be that her mind is tracing faster than her hand?

Thanks for the nice lessons.

Thanks for the nice lessons.

grammar

 1. She promised to email me everyday .

 2. She explained that i needed an F-1 visa to study in America.

 3.My friend suggested that we went for a walk.

 4. Chris complained that music was too loud .He couldn't sleep.

 5. She asked me to tell her where the bathroom was.

 6. I told her that she couldn't come with me .

 7.She asked that was this my car ?

 8.He promised that he would be very careful or he promised to be very careful .

 9.He offered to help her with those bags .

 10.I told her that water boils at 100 degrees.

 

 Thanx for the lesson :)