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Subordinating Conjunctions

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Subordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that are used at the beginning of subordinate clauses.
Some examples of these conjunctions are; although, after, before, because, how, if, once, since, so that, until, unless, when etc.

Here are examples of their use;


Although—means "in spite of the fact that":
Although it was raining, I ran home.
He came to work, although he felt sick.
Although my mum told me to come home early, I stayed out late.


After—shows "subsequently to the time when":
Call me after you arrive at the station.
We couldn't see the film after the electricity went out.0
I always tell my daughter that she can have dessert after she eats her dinner.


Before—shows "earlier than the time that":
He had written a living will before he died.
Before he contacted me, I was going to call him.
I need to finish the report before the manager arrives from Paris.


Because—means "for the reason that":
He became rich because he was smart and worked hard.
They stopped building the house because it was raining hard.
I love kittens because they are so cute.


How—means "the way in which":
Tell me how you persuaded Danny to see that film.
He explained how he completed it in a few days.
Can you show me how to use the computer?


If—means "in the event that":
If it is sunny tomorrow, we can go to the park.
If I receive a promotion, you will be the first to know.
You can watch TV if you finish your homework.


Once—indicates "at the moment when":
Once you see him, you will recognize him.
Once the light came on, we all shouted with joy.
Call me once you start working.


Since—means "from the time when":
I've been a dancer since I was young.
Since he graduated, he has been doing nothing.
This shop has been refurbished three times since I lived here.


So that—means "in order to":
So that she could keep her job, she didn't complain at all.
He finished his work as fast as possible so that he could leave early.
He worked harder for a promotion so he could buy a new car.


Until—means "up to the time that":
Don't do anything until I come back.
She didn't know she was a talented singer until she sang in the school concert.
They won't allow us to start until everyone arrives.


Unless—means "except, on the condition":
You will not pass the exam unless you work harder.
I will not tell you anything unless you tell me what you know first.
Unless you ask her, you will never know.


When—means "at that time":
When I came in the room, everyone looked at me.
I woke up when my baby was crying.
I started looking for a place to stay when I decided I wanted to live here.

Lesson by Tristan, teacher at EC Malta English school

Now complete the following with the correct conjunction:

  • 1) Could you contact me _ you receive the information.

  • 2) I want to go to the concert early _ we can get a good place.

  • 3) We need to start early _ we want to arrive at the hotel in time for lunch.

  • 4) I have no idea _ to operate the new printer.

  • 5) _ he was tired, Danny still managed to help me with my work.

  • 6) Peter started yoga _ he wanted to learn how to relax.

  • 7) Tess planned her holiday a whole year _.





I have understood the topics, yet, i need more lesson on it

need more to practise

need more to practise

i got this

I learnt this lesson but still i need more.. exercise..


neet more prectice

We need more exercises for

We need more exercises for practicing. Let me explain me , once we are doing more exercises, our grammar skills are improuving more and more. So the basic of English language is the grammar.
Thank you for your helping to the students online like me.

I got that!!

I thik we need to practice more and more . If this webside can talk to someone i will very glad ! I really apperciate every topic made me learn a lot!


I want to thank Tristan for this useful lesson Smile
and my thanks to ecenglish

Subordinating Conjunctions

Need more examples on this and I would like to know more about using these words like 'can we begin the sentence with one of these words?' 'how and where should we use these words?' etc...


I will like to havevmore examples of how to ues this word although

it's understood and clear.

it's understood and clear.

good one!

Alas! I've done it Smile Thnx for adding it...