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Past Tenses

Average: 4.1 (52 votes)

Apart from some irregular verbs (drink > drank > drunk), the past tense of regular verbs is made by adding -d or -ed to the base form of the verb. The past simple tense is also often the past participle form (play > played > played).

The Past Progressive Tense

"He was talking."

Irregular Plural Nouns

Average: 3.9 (22 votes)

A singular noun refers to one of something (a chair, a hat, a dog); a plural noun means more than one (chairs, hats, dogs).

In most cases we make a plural noun by adding s to a singular noun (car > cars).

Words that end in -ch, x, s or s-like sounds take -es for the plural (kiss > kisses).

When a noun ends in y we replace it with –ies to make the plural (city > cities).

Use the correct verb

Average: 4.4 (35 votes)

A verb is a word that shows an action. It is important to choose the verb that fits with the subject and object in a sentence otherwise your English will not sound natural or you may not be able to make yourself understood.

For example it would be very strange for someone to say, "we is" instead of "we are", or "I need to make a break", instead of, "I need to take a break".

We can also change the form of verbs to show when an action happens.

Phrasal Verbs: MAKE

Average: 4 (27 votes)

Today we're going to look at phrasal verbs with the word 'make'. Read these definitions and examples, and then try to complete the sentences below with the correct phrasal verb.

Note: You will have to change the tense!

1. Make something out - to see/recognise something in the distance

Phrasal Verbs: CALL

Average: 3.2 (25 votes)

Today we're going to look at phrasal verbs with the word 'call'. Read these definitions and examples, and then try to complete the activity below.

Call someone back: Return a phonecall to someone who tried to phone you.

Since and Because

Average: 3.1 (39 votes)

Using 'since' and 'because' can be confusing, so here's the main difference between the two.

'Since' refers to time and 'because' refers to causation.

e.g. Since I quit drinking, I'm feeling much healthier.

e.g. Because I quit drinking I no longer suffer from headaches in the morning.

Fill in the blanks by using either 'since' or 'because'.

Choose the correct verb form

Average: 3.9 (41 votes)

Yesterday I _1_ the strangest dream; I dreamt that I could fly. It felt so real _2_ high above the streets, up with the birds and clouds. Even stranger was none of my friends _3_ interested when I showed them I could suddenly fly. They didn't care or pay me any attention.

Talking about jobs

Average: 3.6 (32 votes)

'What is your job?', is grammatically correct but not usually the way we ask someone's occupation. Instead we ask, 'What do you do?' or the longer form, 'What do you do for a living?'

Some common ways to answer are:


Should Have + Past Participle

Average: 4 (56 votes)

We use should have + past participle to talk about things we regret.

I got really wet walking home last night, I should have taken an umbrella.

The speaker did not take an umbrella when she went out last night so she got wet. She regrets that she did not take her umbrella.

Regret (verb/noun) is to feel sorry about something that happened or did not happen in the past.

I should have called you sooner.

You should have spoken to me before deciding.

And, Or & But

Average: 3.7 (28 votes)

Conjunctions are used to groups of words, phrases and clauses together. The most common conjunctions are and, or and but.


And means also, added to:

Please speak slowly and clearly.

She plays piano and guitar.


Or is used to introduce another possibility:

Shall we go to the cinema or bar?

Are you interested or not?