RMS (Royal Mail Ship) Titanic was a passenger liner that struck an iceberg on her maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York City, and sank on 15th April 1912, resulting in the deaths of 1,517 people in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
After setting sail for New York City on 10th April 1912 with 2,223 people on board, she hit an iceberg 4 days into the crossing. The high casualty rate resulting from the sinking was due in part to the fact that, although complying with the regulations of the time, the ship carried lifeboats for only 1,178 people. A disproportionate number of men died due to the “women and child first” protocol that was enforced by the ship’s crew.
Titanic was designed by experienced engineers, using some of the most advanced technologies and extensive safety features of the time. Its design and structure featured luxury and opulence. There was a telephone system, a lending library, and a large barber shop on the ship. The first class section had a swimming pool, a gymnasium, a squash court, Turkish bath, electric bath and a verandah café. The ship incorporated technologically advanced features for the period, including 3 electric lifts in first class and one in second class. First class passengers paid a hefty fee for such amenities, $1,363 equivalent to $30,917 as of 2012.
Regarding the actual sinking, one of the most well known stories is that of the ships band, who, according to witnesses, heroically played on while the great steamer was sinking. There has been conflicting information about which songs were played and which one of them was the last heard, the most reported being “Nearer, My God, to Thee”.