EC Miami’s Lecture on the Electoral College

Yesterday marked the reelection of US President Barack Obama.

In preparation for Tuesday’s voting, EC Miami’s teacher – Edwin led a lecture on the Electoral College.  Many students attended the lecture to learn more about the process in the US.  Each student that attended was asked to write a summary about the Electoral College.  Manukyan Ribsime submitted an excellent recap of the lecture.  Read her essay below to find out more information about the Electoral College!

This year will be the U.S.  Presidential election.  Barack Obama and Mitt Romney are the main candidates for this position.  On October 21,  the votes are as follows: Obama 277 electoral votes, Romney 206 electoral votes.  It means that for now Obama is heading in the electoral vote.  What exactly is electoral vote?

In 1787 by the frames of the U.S. Constitution was created the Electoral College as a compromise for the presidential election process.  At the time only white men who owned property could vote, but 15th, 19th, and 26th Amendment to the Constitution have since expanded the right of suffrage to all citizens over 18.

Each state has a number of electors equal the number of its U.S. Senators (2 in each state) plus the number of U.S. Representatives (it depends of states population).  The Electoral College has 538 total electoral votes.  If candidate needs 240 plus electoral votes to win the Electoral college.  If he win the Electoral college he win the election.

The electors are volonteers, but not all people can be electors. There are two most common ways to become an elector.

–          The elector is nominated by his or her state party committee

–          The elector “campaigns” for a spot and the decision is made during a vote held at the state’s party convention.

Every four years on the first Tuesday of November U.S. citizens go to local voting booth to elect their next president.  But the results of the popular voting are not guaranteed to stand, because the electoral college has not cast its votes.  On the Monday following the second Wednesday in December the electors go to Washington to the president of the Senate, who on January 6 opens and reads the votes.  The winner is sworn into office on January 20.

Supposedly until U.S. entered the electoral college democratic candidates will be winners of the elections, because Democrats want to keep the electoral college.  Now Obama is on the head of the electoral college and we can suppose that he will be the winner of the elections in 2012.