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Subject and Object Pronouns

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A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Without pronouns we would have to keep repeating our nouns.

We don't say:  My sister is very friendly. Everyone likes my sister.
Instead, we say: My sister is very friendly. Everyone likes her.

The personal pronouns I, you, he, she, it, we and they are used as the subject of a verb in a sentence, while me, you, him, her, it, us and them take the object of the sentence.

My name is Lisa. I have three dogs. – The pronoun I is the subject.

My sister is very friendly. Everyone likes her.– The pronoun her is the object.

Remember: The subject of a sentence is the person, animal or thing that does the action shown by the verb.  The object of a sentence is the person, animal or thing that receives the action shown by the verb.

Personal pronouns are divided into three groups: First person (the person speaking), Second person (the person spoken to) and Third person (the person, animal or thing spoken about), in singular and plural forms.

Use these tables to help you remember:

  Subject Object
First Person Singular
Second Person Singular
Third Person Singular
he / she / it
him / her / it


First Person Plural
Second Person Plural
Third Person Plural

Lesson by Nasreen, teacher at EC Cape Town English school

Complete the sentences with the correct pronoun:

  • 1. Peter, what are__ reading?

  • 2. My sister is very clever. __ won first prize for mathematics.

  • 3. My name is Carol. __ have two older sisters.

  • 4. Paul’s girlfriend is very rude. I don’t like __!

  • 5. This is my friend, Jeffrey. __ attend the same university.

  • 6. John painted this picture. _____is very creative.

  • 7. The boys are so noisy! I told __ to keep quiet.

  • 8. Hurry up girls! We’re waiting for __!

  • 9. We’re going to the cinema. Would you like to join __?

  • 10. I saw Jenna and Tom today. __ told me to say hello to you.