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Grammar

Personal Pronouns

Average: 3.6 (61 votes)

A pronoun is a word or form that we can use instead of a noun or noun phrase.

Personal pronouns are used to represent the number of people (I/we), gender (he/she), person (I/you) and case (we/us).

There are two types of personal pronouns: subject and object.

Subject pronouns

Pronouns that are the subject of the sentence are called subject pronouns. These are

For or Since?

Average: 4.3 (63 votes)

How would you answer this question?

"How long have you been learning English?"

"I have been learning English for ___."
"I have been learning English since ___."

For and since can be used when talking about time in present perfect sentences (for can be used with all tenses).

Been or Gone?

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With the present perfect tense we can use both been and gone.

Been is the past participle of be.

Gone is the past participle of go.

Gerund vs Infinitive Practice

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A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."

Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb.

It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive (the to form) of the verb and which are followed by the gerund (the ing form) of the verb.

Try to remember that:

When to use -able and -ible?

Average: 3.6 (67 votes)

This lesson tests both your vocabulary and your spelling. All the stems (the starts of words) below can have '-able' or '-ible' added to them. Can you decide whether they need able or ible? Once you have decided, try to match the word to the correct sentence. Good luck and let us know how you get on.

In The News: Happy Diwali

Average: 3.6 (28 votes)

For Hindus, Diwali is one _1_ the most important festivals of the year and is celebrated in families _2_ performing traditional activities together in their homes. It is celebrated by people in India and Indians living abroad. Each day of the festival is separated by a different tradition, but _3_ remains the same is the celebration of life, its enjoyment and goodness.

Anything, Nothing, Something, Everything

Average: 3.9 (124 votes)

Do you want to learn something new today? These four words are quite similar and it can be complicated to understand which one you need to use.

Something means a thing that is unknown. It is often used in positive sentences.

Anything means a thing of any kind. Use it in questions and negative sentences. It can also be used to to mean I don't mind.

The Third Conditional

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The third conditional is quite complex. Read the information below to help you understand it, then see if you can convert the following sentences into the third conditional. Good luck!

The third conditional is used:

To talk about 'impossible' conditions. They are impossible because they happened in the past and we cannot change them.

It is formed in the following way:

Adverbs and Expressions of Frequency

Average: 3.9 (57 votes)

We often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency:
never, hardly ever, usually, sometimes, often, always

Adverbs of frequency go before the main verb:
I usually wake up at 7am.

Adverbs of frequency go after "be":
He’s always late.

Adverb Time Clauses

Average: 3.5 (37 votes)

Today's lesson looks at as soon as, while and as. There are three activities for you to try.

As soon as

We use as soon as when the second action happens immediately after the first action.  As soon as is an example of an adverb clause, which is often called a time clause.