Dave is 18 and lives in Bath, England. He has decided to go to Moscow for a week. This will his first time abroad. He has also decided to travel alone. This is the conversation he has with his friend Pete.
Pete – How will you communicate with the Russians when you don’t even speak the language?
Dave – I’ve been practising and I’m taking this phrase book with me. If I can’t remember a word, I’ll look it up.
Pete – But you can’t read Russian. How will you know how to get around? If you see a sign, you won’t be able to read it.
Dave – Like I said, I’ve been practising. Besides, I can always show someone in the street where I want to go.
Pete – But you won’t be able to understand them. You can’t speak Russian.
Dave – I’m not worried. I’ll be OK.
Pete – I admire your optimism.
Dave – Don’t worry about me. Do you want anything from Moscow?
Pete – Yes, a furry Russian hat.
Dave – No problem. If I find one, I’ll buy it for you.
Pete – Great and when you come back, you’ll tell me all about it.
The first conditional is used to express the idea that if the first condition is met now or in the future the main clause will happen. So when Dave says ‘ If I find one, I’ll buy it for you’ he is using ‘if’+present simple’ – to express the condition in the future and ‘will+base form’ for the main clause.
When is used to express a situation that is sure to happen he uses ‘when’.
Unless is used to mean if not
Lesson by Tristan
Now choose the correct form for each sentence: