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Grammar

All about Adverbs

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Adverbs modify other words apart from nouns and pronouns. For example:

He was driving.

He was driving dangerously. - here the adverb modifies driving and gives us more information about the action.

5 Types of Adverbs

These are the five types of adverbs:

Adverbs of Manner:
She sings beautifully.
We ran quickly.

Verb Conjugation

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In English, the verb we use in a sentence depends on its subject. How the verb changes is called a conjugation.

There are six object 'persons'.

First person singular

I am British.

I speak English.

Second person singular

You are British.

You speak English.

Third person singular

He is British.

He speaks English.

How to form plural nouns

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The following sentence contains a singular noun.

They keep their car in the garage.

The following sentence contains a plural noun.

They keep their cars in the garage.

Plural nouns indicate there is more than one of something.

Making plural nouns

When a noun the ends in s, x, ch, or sh, add es to the end:

There is a an old church in the village.
There are two old churches in villages.

All about Pronouns

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A pronoun takes the place of an unknown noun.

David returned the shirt David bought last week.

Instead of using David twice in a sentence, we can change the second use to the pronoun he:

David returned the shirt he bought last week.

The Nine Types of Pronoun

Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns refer to specific persons, places, or things.

They love football.

I am Spanish.

She called me lazy.

Using Parallel Verbs

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In English we can use more than one verb to describe what's happening.

This sentence shows three things Donna (the subject of the sentence) did yesterday.

Yesterday Donna watched a movie, cleaned her apartment and was making lunch.

When two or more verbs have the same subject the verbs must be parallel. Parallel verbs mean the verbs used in a sentence should all be the same tense.

Read the sentence about Donna again. Is it grammatically correct? If not, why not?

Indicative, imperative, subjunctive and infinitive verb moods

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Indicative, imperative, subjunctiveand infinitive are the four moods of English verbs. All manners and moods are expressed through these four verbs.

While verb tenses (present, past and future) are used to talk about time, the four mood verbs show states, attitudes and reality.

Indicative Mood

We use the indicative mood to express:

Assertion - Heathrow is the world's busiest airport.

Denial - Oliver cannot speak English.

The Gerund

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Gerunds are nouns made from verbs by adding -ing.

We enjoyed learning about London's history

The dogs kept barking at night.

I started walking to work.

The gerund can be a subject

Running has been life since she was teenager.

Smoking is a terrible habit.

Gerund with prepositions

He is good at swimming

Gerund with phrasal verbs and to

We ended up watching a movie.

Oscar Winners

Average: 4 (16 votes)

The Academy Awards or The Oscars were held last night in Los Angeles. The ceremony, now in its 87th year, celebrates the best in cinema over the last twelve months.

What's the best film you have seen recently? Recommend a good movie and why we should watch it. Leave your suggestions in the comments below.

Here are some sentences describing some of last night's events, but don't have to be a film buff (expert) to take this quiz. Read through the sentences and choose the correct missing word.

Uses of prepositions

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Prepositions show the relationship between nouns or pronouns.

They are used in a variety of situations, here are five circumstances:

Prepositions of place examples

My text book is on the desk.

Did you learn English in London?

Prepositions of time examples

We go camping in summer.

I'll call you on Friday.

Prepositions of direction examples

We not allowed into the kitchen.

What are conjunctions?

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Conjunctions are words that connect/join parts of a sentence. Today we look at five: and, or, so, because and but.

And

And is used to join words especially nouns and groups of words:

I have a brother and sister.

And is also used to describe actions that occur at the same time or after each other:

We watched a movie and ate popcorn.

She stopped walking and talked to me.