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Grammar

Direct Objects

Average: 4 (4 votes)

The direct object of a verb is the thing being acted upon (i.e, it indicates the person or thing that receives the action of a verb..

To find the direct object in a sentence, ask the question Who? or What?

"Simon watered the flowers." What did Simon water? The flowers. The flowers are the direct object.

In the sentence, "I made a card for her", the direct object is card and the indirect object is her.

Comparative + Than

Average: 4 (13 votes)

Use than with a comparative adjective when comparing two things or people.

In this sentence older is the comparative adjective. She is older than me.

France is bigger than England.
Malta is warmer than Germany.

Use -er with one-syllable words

English Grammar Tenses

Average: 3.2 (19 votes)

Learning English grammar can be a challenging experience. Today we look at the basic tenses we need to talk about the present, past and future.

Present

Simple Present

Base verb (+ es/es for third person):

I watch the news every day.

Present Continuous

am/is/are + present participle:

I am watching the news.

Present Perfect

Has/have + past participle:

Regular and Irregular Verbs

Average: 4.2 (14 votes)

Most English verbs follow the same rule: the past tense is formed by adding -ed to the present form.

I called you but you didn't answer.
She booked us a table at the restaurant.
I accidentally closed the document I was working on.

Today we look at a few of the 180 irregular verbs which do not follow this rule.

All and Every

Average: 4.2 (15 votes)

All and every have very similar meanings. We use them to talk about people and things in a general way.

Every is used with singular countable nouns. When we are counting things separately one by one, we use every.

I heard every word you said.

All is used with plural nouns.

All my friends are learning English

Compare these examples sentences:

What are conjunctions?

Average: 3.5 (33 votes)

Conjunctions join words or groups of words together. Some common conjunctions are and, that, because, but, if, or, as, than, and when.

And - He is learning English and French.

That - She said that she was ill.

Because - She doesn't eat meat or fish because she is vegetarian.

English Contractions

Average: 3.7 (17 votes)

A contraction is a short form of a group of words. English has a few contractions, which mostly involve not pronouncing a vowel. In writing the vowel is replaced with an apostrophe in writing.

For example, the contraction of I am is I'm and the contraction of will not is won't.

Linking Verbs

Average: 3.6 (30 votes)

What is the difference between the two smell verbs in these sentences?

James smelled the flowers.

The flowers smelled amazing.

The first sentence expresses an action, while the second verb connects the subject of the sentence to additional information about the subject. The second sentence contains a linking verb.

Prepositions For, Of and To

Average: 3.3 (23 votes)

Prepositions are often confusing for English learners, especially when one preposition can have more than one meaning. Today we look at the prepositions for, of and to and three of their possible meanings.

For

For usually tells us about the use of something, a reason or purpose.

We need new batteries for the remote control.

These drinks are for after work.

We use it for cutting grass.

This, That, These, Those

Average: 4.5 (11 votes)

This, that, these and those are called demonstratives. We use a demonstrative when we want to talk about whether something is near or far from us and if the subject is singular or plural.

This car is nice (singular, near)
That car is nice (singular, distant)
These cars are nice (plural, near)
Those cars are nice (plural, distant)