Most English verbs follow the same rule: the past tense is formed by adding -ed to the present form.
I called you but you didn't answer.
She booked us a table at the restaurant.
I accidentally closed the document I was working on.
Today we look at a few of the 180 irregular verbs which do not follow this rule.
All and every have very similar meanings. We use them to talk about people and things in a general way.
Every is used with singular countable nouns. When we are counting things separately one by one, we use every.
I heard every word you said.
All is used with plural nouns.
All my friends are learning English
Compare these examples sentences:
Conjunctions join words or groups of words together. Some common conjunctions are and, that, because, but, if, or, as, than, and when.
And - He is learning English and French.
That - She said that she was ill.
Because - She doesn't eat meat or fish because she is vegetarian.
A contraction is a short form of a group of words. English has a few contractions, which mostly involve not pronouncing a vowel. In writing the vowel is replaced with an apostrophe in writing.
For example, the contraction of I am is I'm and the contraction of will not is won't.
What is the difference between the two smell verbs in these sentences?
James smelled the flowers.
The flowers smelled amazing.
The first sentence expresses an action, while the second verb connects the subject of the sentence to additional information about the subject. The second sentence contains a linking verb.
Prepositions are often confusing for English learners, especially when one preposition can have more than one meaning. Today we look at the prepositions for, of and to and three of their possible meanings.
For usually tells us about the use of something, a reason or purpose.
We need new batteries for the remote control.
These drinks are for after work.
We use it for cutting grass.
This, that, these and those are called demonstratives. We use a demonstrative when we want to talk about whether something is near or far from us and if the subject is singular or plural.
This car is nice (singular, near)
That car is nice (singular, distant)
These cars are nice (plural, near)
Those cars are nice (plural, distant)
Apart from some irregular verbs (drink > drank > drunk), the past tense of regular verbs is made by adding -d or -ed to the base form of the verb. The past simple tense is also often the past participle form (play > played > played).
"He was talking."
A singular noun refers to one of something (a chair, a hat, a dog); a plural noun means more than one (chairs, hats, dogs).
In most cases we make a plural noun by adding s to a singular noun (car > cars).
Words that end in -ch, x, s or s-like sounds take -es for the plural (kiss > kisses).
When a noun ends in y we replace it with –ies to make the plural (city > cities).
A verb is a word that shows an action. It is important to choose the verb that fits with the subject and object in a sentence otherwise your English will not sound natural or you may not be able to make yourself understood.
For example it would be very strange for someone to say, "we is" instead of "we are", or "I need to make a break", instead of, "I need to take a break".
We can also change the form of verbs to show when an action happens.