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What’s the difference between an ‘acronym’ and an ‘abbreviation’? Well, an acronym is a word made up of the first letters of a phrase; an abbreviation is a shortened version of a word.
Acronyms and abbreviations are commonly used are by native speakers, and can be quite confusing for anyone learning English for the first time. To help you understand some of these terms, let’s take a look at some of the most common acronyms and abbreviations in use.
Have you ever read or heard the word ‘though’? This rather informal word can be confusing for students and native speakers alike! In this lesson we discuss the different uses and meanings of the word ‘though’.
It is often used to describe a ‘contrasting’ situation, in which the speaker is aware that it is contradictory, however both parts remain true. Pronounced like “thow” (ðəʊ). There are 4 main uses of ‘though’:
Let's take a look at some meanings of the phrasal verb hang on. The past tense of the verb hung is hung or hanged.
To hold/cling something tightly.
"Hang on! Don't let go of the rope!"
To continue with something difficult.
"Hang on, don't give up yet, we're almost at the finish line."
To keep a telephone connection open.
Joining two or more small words togther to make a new larger one is how compound words are made.
When compound words have spaces between them they are called open compound nouns: child care, work day, and time saver.
When compound words are joined with no space they are called closed compound words: skateboard, football and airport.
A crutch is a stick you put under your arm to help you walk if you have injured your leg. Basically, a crutch is something you use for support, but you don't have to have had an injury to use a crutch word.
When we want to give ourselves more time to think or to emphasize a point, we use use crutch words; they support us when we are speaking.
Basically, use good to describe a thing and use well to describe an activity.
Good is an adjective
Use good to describe a noun.
You smell good. I like your perfume.
(good describes the noun you)
This is a good song.
What a good boy.
You speak good English.
Well is an adverb
For a great cultural experience, you should try London in the holiday season.
Visit Winter Wonderland in Hyde Park for instant Christmas spirit. Expect winter markets, fairground rides, ice skating and grottos.
Christmas light displays and decorations make London shine over the holiday season. The world-famous Christmas lights of Oxford Street and huge Christmas tree in Trafalgar Square must be seen.
Every year The Oxford English Dictionary announces its Word of the Year. The word need not have been coined within the past twelve months but it does need to have become prominent or notable during that time. The chosen word is considered the most important word or expression during the specific year.
You may know about brushing your hair with a brush or that you brush the dirt off a seat before you sit down, but do you know these other brush words?
A brief encounter with something notable or unpleasant is a brush with. It's used for situations in which you experience or nearly experience something.
Being interviewed by a local TV station was my only brush with fame.
If for example you nearly die, you have a brush with death.
In a state, particularly in British English, is used informally for a couple of situations.
When someone becomes nervous or upset, they are in a state:
Nervous: She gets herself into a real state worrying about her exams.
Upset: James has been in a terrible state since his girlfriend broke up with him.
State is also used casually to describe something that is messy, untidy or chaotic.