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modal verb + have + past participle

Average: 4.1 (94 votes)

Looking out of your window in the morning, you notice that all the flowers in your garden are missing.
What happened? You take a guess at it:

"A rabbit might have eaten all my flowers."

Let's take a look at that form.

might (modal) + have + eaten (past participle verb)

We use the modal might (you can also use may or could) because they show that we are not 100% sure about what happened. We are speculating about past events (guessing what we think happened). We then must use have followed by a past participle verb. We use 'must' when we have a stronger opinion about what happened.

Here are some other examples:

"My neighbour could have stolen the flowers"

"The wind might have blown them all away."

You can find more information here: Speculating about past events

  • Erica must ___ gone out. I can't see her.

  • He looks tired. He might have ___ awake all night.

  • I think James must have ___ all the milk. There's none left.

  • Look at Lilly's suntan. She must have ___ somewhere hot on vactaion.

  • She's late. She may have ___ the wrong road.


No Mistakes

I might have learnt speculating about past events rather efficiently - no mistakes!!!! Wink
Thank you for the Lesson! Smile

modal verb + have + past participle

Nothing difficult. I like this topic: one more way to make guesses or show that you're uncertain.

The last apple's gone! My sister might have taken it.
My boyfriend's being late. He could have been stuck in traffic jams.
My cat is purring satisfied. She could have stolen something in the kitchen. Smile

easy lesson

thank you for teaching us how to spectulate about past events (guessing what we think happened).


Thanks for the lesson.

Have a nice day/night/week/weekend!


tahnks indeed about the useful lessons

have a nice day

Great. Thanks alot.

Thanks alot.

good test

thank u