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A conjunction joins words or groups of words in a sentence.

There are three types of conjunctions, today we look at two, coordinating and correlative.

1 Coordinating conjunctions – these connect words, phrases or clauses that are independent or equal; and, but, so, for, yet, not.

2 Correlative conjunctions – these are always used in pairs; both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also

Coordinating conjunctions

And – in addition to
We went skiing and scuba diving in Sicily.

But – connects to opposite things.
I love comedy films but my wife loves drama.

Or – a choice between two things
You can have pasta or pizza.

So – a result of something mentioned first
I had a bad experience in Barcelona, so I won’t be going there again.

For – because
He received a new bike from his parents for his birthday.

Yet – in contrast
She studied hard yet she didn’t pass the final exam.

Correlative conjunctions

He came first in both the 100 and 200 meter sprints.

We can meet either on Monday or on Tuesday.

She likes neither the red nor the blue shoes.

Not only/but also
He received a good report not only from his colleagues but also his managers as well.

Lesson by Tristan, teacher at EC Malta English school

Now choose the correct conjunction for the following:

  • 1) _ John _ Peter like Sarah's cooking.

  • 2) We could go swimming _ sightseeing tomorrow.

  • 3) I have known Danny for over ten years, _ I still don't understand him sometimes.

  • 4) _ coffee _ tea will be great. I'll drink both.

  • 5) It was raining _ I had to go out to do some errands.

  • 6) I need to find the right present _ David's fortieth birthday.

  • 7) Tess didn't have Jack's number _ she called me instead.