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Conjunctive Adverbs

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A conjunctive adverb is a word that connects two clauses to make them one sentence. These adverbs make the sentence shorter.
When you use a conjunctive adverb, put a comma (,) after it. You can also use a semicolon (;).

The weather was not very good on our last holiday in Sweden; however, we still had a good time.

These are some conjunctive adverbs: also, besides, consequently, finally, however, indeed, instead, meanwhile, next, still, then etc.

The hotel is fully booked for the month of August, therefore, we advise another hotel.
The design for the new library was excellent; however it was too expensive to build.
I finished my homework, then, I went out.
I was too tired to travel; besides, the trains weren't working because of the heavy rain.
We didn't go to see a film; instead, we went to a restaurant.

When a conjunctive adverb is used in a single sentence a comma (,) is used to separate it from the rest of the sentence.

I didn't think I would like yoga classes. However, I really enjoyed myself there.
We were looking for a restaurant all evening. Finally, we found a lovely Italian restaurant after two hours.
I didn't walk to work today. Instead, I took the bus.

Lesson by Tristan, teacher at EC Malta English school

  • 1) I normally enjoy James Bond films._ , I didn’t really like the last one.

  • 2) I didn’t call Mark; _, I sent him an e-mail.

  • 3) Jane is a talented pianist; _ , her sister is a good guitarist.

  • 4) John isn’t very good-looking; _ , he is still popular with the ladies.

  • 5) The snow had blocked the tracks; _ , all trains were cancelled.

  • 6) We were preparing the surprise party for Danny. _, Sarah was keeping him occupied.