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Gerund vs Infinitive Practice

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A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."

Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb.

It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive (the to form) of the verb and which are followed by the gerund (the ing form) of the verb.

Try to remember that:

Gerunds are often used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. "I enjoy cooking."

Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future: "He wants to swim."

Sometimes the use of a gerund or an infinitive can change the meaning of a sentence. Can you explain the difference between these two sentences? Leave your answer in the comments area.

"I remembered to take my umbrella."
"I remembered taking my umbrella."

Here is a quick exercise so you can test your knowledge. In each sentence, choose either the gerund or infinitive. Then why don't you make your own sentences using the verbs below. I hope you find this useful - good luck!

Lesson by Caroline, English teacher at EC English

  • 1. I often go (dance) ___ on a Saturday night.

  • 2. When I finish (write) ___ this letter, I'll come and help you.

  • 3. I am planning (buy) ___ a new laptop soon.

  • 4. I need (sleep) ___ at least eight hours a night.

  • 5. I want (move) ___ to London next year.

  • 6. Would you consider (give) ___ the speech at our anniversary party?

  • 7. She avoids (walk) ___ in the rain.

  • 8. Emily promised (eat) ___ all her vegetables.

  • 9. I don't mind (call) ___ them if you don't want to.

  • 10. You need to practise (listen) ___.

  • 11. Did anyone volunteer (work) ___ on Saturday?

  • 12. He refuses (talk) ___ to me.

  • 13. I enjoy (watch) ___ romantic movies.

  • 14. We can't afford (rent) ___ this flat anymore.

  • 15. I managed (get) ___ there on time.