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Reading and Vocab Lesson: HUGE blue diamond found in South Africa

Average: 3.7 (17 votes)

Read this article about a recent discovery in South Africa. Do you know the meaning of the orange words? When you have finished reading, match the words to their meanings.

A rare blue diamond has been found at a South African mine famous for being the location of some of the most valuable gems ever unearthed.

Subordinating Conjunctions

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Subordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that are used at the beginning of subordinate clauses.
Some examples of these conjunctions are; although, after, before, because, how, if, once, since, so that, until, unless, when etc.

Here are examples of their use;


Average: 4.1 (37 votes)

A conjunction joins words or groups of words in a sentence.

There are three types of conjunctions, today we look at two, coordinating and correlative.

1 Coordinating conjunctions – these connect words, phrases or clauses that are independent or equal; and, but, so, for, yet, not.

2 Correlative conjunctions – these are always used in pairs; both/and, either/or, neither/nor, not only/but also

With, Over, By

Average: 4 (46 votes)

'With' is used to mean 'together' or to show involvement
I was with a friend when I met Sandy.
He worked with his brother in their restaurant.
He ordered champagne with his meal.
Why don't you come shopping with me?

Capital letters

Average: 4 (21 votes)

The use of Capital letters helps readers read a text without confusion.

Here are the rules for capital letters. Use a capital letter in the following:

The first word in a sentence:
My sister lives in England.

The pronoun 'I':
Summer is the season I like best.

The, a/an

Average: 4 (36 votes)

The words a, an and the are types of adjectives called articles.

A and an are called indefinite articles.
A is used before singular count nouns.
A car, a book, a child, a holiday

An is used with count nouns beginning with a vowel sound.
An apple, an elephant and notice; an hour but a European. ( the 'h' in hour is silent. The 'e' in European is not a vowel sound)

Conjunctive Adverbs

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A conjunctive adverb is a word that connects two clauses to make them one sentence. These adverbs make the sentence shorter.
When you use a conjunctive adverb, put a comma (,) after it. You can also use a semicolon (;).

The weather was not very good on our last holiday in Sweden; however, we still had a good time.

These are some conjunctive adverbs: also, besides, consequently, finally, however, indeed, instead, meanwhile, next, still, then etc.

Of, To, For

Average: 4.1 (34 votes)


Of – belonging to, connected with, related to
This is a collection of romantic stories.
I always dreamed of being famous.
He wrote letters of love to me.
This is the best part of the film.

Of – to say what/when/where
I graduated in the autumn of 1999
This is a picture of my son.
He is the owner of the restaurant.

Can Could May Might Must

Average: 3.6 (93 votes)


Can – for ability
I can dance Tango.
She can't sing.
Can you speak English?

Can – for permission
Can I sit here?
Can we leave now?
Can I play some music?

Can – for requests or suggestions
Can we have more coffee?
Can I have the bill?
You can go wherever you like.

Will, Would / Shall, Should

Average: 3.4 (177 votes)

All modal verbs are auxiliary verbs, which means they can only be used with a main verb. Modal verbs cannot be a main verb.
The modal verbs are; will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might and must. In this module we focus on will and would, and shall and should.


Will is used to show desire, preference, choice or consent:
I will accept your offer.
Will you please be quiet?